Mathura is a city in the North Indian state of Uttar
Pradesh. It is located approximately 50 kilometres (31 mi) north
of Agra, and 145 kilometres (90 mi) south-east of Delhi; about 11
kilometres (6.8 mi) from the town of Vrindavan, and 22 kilometres
(14 mi) from Govardhan. It is the administrative centre of Mathura
District of Uttar Pradesh. During the ancient period, Mathura was
an economic hub, located at the junction of important caravan routes.
The 2011 census of India estimated the population of Mathura to be
According to Hindu scriptures Mathura is the birthplace of Lord
Krishna at the centre of Braj or Brij-bhoomi, called Shri Krishna
Janma-Bhoomi, literally: 'Lord Krishna's birthplace'. The Keshav Dev
Temple was built in ancient times on the site of Krishna's legendary
birthplace (an underground prison). According to the Mahabharata and Bhagavata
Purana epics, Mathura was the capital of the Surasena Kingdom, ruled
by Kansa the maternal uncle of Shri Krishna.
Mathura is well connected by train from major cities in India such as
New Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Indore, Alwar,
Jaipur, Bhopal, Gwalior, Jabalpur, Ujjain, Rewa, Lucknow, Kanpur,
Varanasi etc. City is served by four stations,Mathura Junction being the
biggest one connecting to West, North and Southern India. Mathura Cantt connects
to eastern Uttar Pradesh. Bhuteshwar serves for local trains
for Delhi, Delhi NCR, Agra, Bharatpur and Alwar. Another station Krishnajanmabhoomi
connects to Vrindavan via rail bus.
Mathura is well connected by road to the rest of Uttar Pradesh and
India. NH 2 (Delhi-Howrah) Highway passes through the city and connects
to National Highway 3 (to Mumbai), a part of which is known as Mathura
Road. NH-11 (Agra to Bikaner) and NH-93(Moradabad) are also prominent
arterial highways. Yamuna Expressway also connects to Mathura and in
fact shortest way to reach Mathura by road.
The city is served by Upsrtc, JNNURAM, Rajasthan, Haryana, Madhya
Pradesh, DTC, Chandigarh and Punjab state transportation bus companies.
Mathura depot, run by upsrtc - the Uttar Pradesh state bus company -
runs 120 buses. Direct buses are available to Alwar, Indore, Bhopal, Gwalior, Jaipur, Udaipur, Ajmer, Delhi, Chandigarh, Lucknow, Kanpur, Meerut, Haridwar, Rohtak and
other Indian cities. An intercity JnNURM bus facility also exists.